NGOs today, as part of civil society, have come to play a prominent role in South Asia in the context of community-based natural resource management (CBNRM). This book examines the theory and practice of NGO-driven CBNRM within the framework of emerging critiques of dominant discourses of development, the micro-politics of decentralization, and the projection of community development. The book breaks new ground by situating these critiques within six detailed cases of CBNRM initiatives.
To what extent does CBNRM continue to offer a vision for the future and what role, if any, could NGOs play in this? The authors attempt to answer this question by seeking to understand the ideas and insights of CBNRM that intervening agencies bring with them and by examining the outcomes of the interventions and the strategies used to achieve them.
The book concludes that though these CBNRM efforts have made significant contributions to livelihood enhancement, the results gained are limited in collective action for sustainable and equitable access to benefits, continuing resource use, and in terms of democratic decentralization.
Chapter 5: Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Bhutan: The Case of the Lingmuteychhu Watershed
Community-Based Natural Resource Management in Bhutan: The Case of the Lingmuteychhu Watershed
In 1997, the Renewable Natural Resource Research Centre (henceforth RNRRC, Centre) in Bajothang, Bhutan, initiated a programme of integrated renewable NRM in Lingmuteychhu Watershed, Wangduephodrang Dzongkhag (district), in an attempt to promote CBNRM. This experiment was supposed to be heavily process driven (in the spirit of CBNRM) and aimed at conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. Over the years, Lingmuteychhu Watershed has acted as a benchmark for other CBNRM experiments in Bhutan in terms of approach.
The importance of the Lingmuteychhu Watershed experiment and the seriousness of the government towards CBNRM can be gauged [Page 160]from the fact that CBNRM has become ...