- Subject index
In this book Richard Gwyn demonstrates the centrality of discourse analysis to an understanding of health and communication. Focusing on language and communication issues he demonstrates that it is possible to observe and analyze patterns in the ways in which health and illness are represented and articulated by both health professionals and lay people. Communicating Health and Illness: · Explores culturally validated notions of health and sickness and the medicalization of illness · Surveys media representations of health and illness · Considers the metaphoric nature of talk about illness · Contributes to the ongoing debate in relation to narrative based medicine
Chapter 6: Narrative and the Voicing of Illness
Narrative and the Voicing of Illness
Storytelling is one of the oldest and most quintessentially human of activities. Since the 1980s there has been a renewed interest in the theory and practice of narrative, in the study of what has become known as narra-tology (Bal, 1985), and in ‘life stories’ (Josselson and Lieblich, 1993). Developments in both postmodern cultural theory (Lyotard, 1984) and cognitive science (Bruner, 1990) acknowledge the central role of narrative in the way that people make meanings, and it has even been suggested that human grammars arose out of a proto-linguistic need to narrate (Bruner, 1990: 138). Whatever the claims of a reductionist position such as Bruner's, it is through the telling and retelling of stories that ...