This resource provides strategies and tools for using collaboration and co-teaching between general education teachers and ESL specialists to better serve the needs of English learners.

What are the Essential Components of an Integrated, Collaborative ESL Program?

What are the essential components of an integrated, collaborative esl program?

Vision is not enough; it must be combined with venture. It is not enough to stare up the steps; we must step up the stairs.

VaclavHavel Progressive Czech Author and Politician


The goal of this chapter is to explore the collaborative practices that ESL and general-education teachers engage in. We will address the types of collaboration among ESL and general-education teachers that yield effective instruction to meet the diverse academic and language development needs of ELLs. Both formal and informal, as well as instructional and noninstructional, collaborative activities are presented. We will examine seven ESL co-teaching arrangements teachers use and will explore the advantages and challenges ...

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