This new major work in a key area of psychological study and research has been bought together by one of Europe’s leading Cognitive scientists and will be included as part of the Sage Benchmarks in Psychology series. Drawing upon highly influential classic and contemporary sources, Koen Lambert guides readers through the central defining papers that anchor the field of Cognitive Science. Taken together, the six volumes will provide access to the key debates within the field and all the main lines of research that have emerged. This resource presents an interdisciplinary collection of wide ranging readings taken from leading behavioral sciences publications, including highly cited theoretical articles and empirical articles that have had great impact on the key debates in the field.
Chapter Nine: Connectionism and the Brain
Connectionism and the Brain
Why, given the disappointments with the GOFAI project as psychology, should we continue to try to develop artificial intelligence models of cognition and the tools by which cognitive tasks are carried out? Why not jump straight from discursive analysis of act-action sequences to neurological hypotheses? There are three reasons for continuing to pursue this research program:
- Our discussions have confirmed the commonsense principle that the relevant states and processes in the human nervous system, especially the brain, possess neither intentionality nor normativity. They just are. Artificial intelligence modeling gives us a technique for creating abstract representations of mechanisms that can perform analogues of the processes in the brain without requiring representations of specific content.1
- Scanning techniques provide neuropsychologists ...