This new major work in a key area of psychological study and research has been bought together by one of Europe’s leading Cognitive scientists and will be included as part of the Sage Benchmarks in Psychology series. Drawing upon highly influential classic and contemporary sources, Koen Lambert guides readers through the central defining papers that anchor the field of Cognitive Science. Taken together, the six volumes will provide access to the key debates within the field and all the main lines of research that have emerged. This resource presents an interdisciplinary collection of wide ranging readings taken from leading behavioral sciences publications, including highly cited theoretical articles and empirical articles that have had great impact on the key debates in the field.

Cognitive Science: The Analytical Phase

Cognitive science: The analytical phase

Cognitive Tasks and Symbolic Tools

According to discursive psychologists, cognitive tasks are accomplished by the skillful use of symbols. The conversational model directs our attention particularly to linguistic performance. For example, to consider the pros and cons of a decision is to engage in a kind of debate, which may literally take the form of a conversation. Cognitive projects like remembering, deciding, expressing disapproval, coming to an opinion, are often accomplished linguistically, or by symbolic activities that are language-like. However, there are many kinds of symbols in use for carrying through cognitive tasks other than words. Scientific thinking often involves thought experiments, performed in the mind with imaginary apparatus. Many technical cognitive tasks are done by the ...

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