This new major work in a key area of psychological study and research has been bought together by one of Europe’s leading Cognitive scientists and will be included as part of the Sage Benchmarks in Psychology series. Drawing upon highly influential classic and contemporary sources, Koen Lambert guides readers through the central defining papers that anchor the field of Cognitive Science. Taken together, the six volumes will provide access to the key debates within the field and all the main lines of research that have emerged. This resource presents an interdisciplinary collection of wide ranging readings taken from leading behavioral sciences publications, including highly cited theoretical articles and empirical articles that have had great impact on the key debates in the field.

Grammar and Cognition

Grammar and cognition

In Part II we made the acquaintance of several attempts to develop a psychology that emulates the natural sciences. None proved satisfactory. Sciences develop at least as much by abandoning old metaphors and adopting new ones as by the accumulation of empirical data. Indeed, the significance of a body of data will usually depend upon the system of metaphors with which it is interpreted. Darwin's famous metaphor of ‘natural selection’ would be a contradiction in terms if taken literally. As a metaphor expressing a powerful model of the process of evolution it not only framed the theory of organic evolution but also determined how the fossil record was to be interpreted. In this chapter we begin the development of such ...

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