This new major work in a key area of psychological study and research has been bought together by one of Europe’s leading Cognitive scientists and will be included as part of the Sage Benchmarks in Psychology series. Drawing upon highly influential classic and contemporary sources, Koen Lambert guides readers through the central defining papers that anchor the field of Cognitive Science. Taken together, the six volumes will provide access to the key debates within the field and all the main lines of research that have emerged. This resource presents an interdisciplinary collection of wide ranging readings taken from leading behavioral sciences publications, including highly cited theoretical articles and empirical articles that have had great impact on the key debates in the field.
Chapter Six: The Beginnings of Cognitive Science
The Beginnings of Cognitive Science
In Chapter 2 we learned how behaviorism perfectly fulfilled the requirements of a strictly positivistic conception of science. The phenomena admitted into the domain of psychology were to be restricted to what could be perceived. While Skinner allowed both public and private perceptible states into the domain of scientific psychology, Watson restricted psychology to the study of objective phenomena only. Theoretical explanations referring to unobservable entities and processes were eliminated in favor of statistically analysed correlations between type of stimulus and type of response. The deathblow to behaviorism was finally given by the researches of J.S. Bruner (1973, 1983) into the role of cognitive factors in perception and in responses to perceptual stimuli. Let us remind ...