This new major work in a key area of psychological study and research has been bought together by one of Europe’s leading Cognitive scientists and will be included as part of the Sage Benchmarks in Psychology series. Drawing upon highly influential classic and contemporary sources, Koen Lambert guides readers through the central defining papers that anchor the field of Cognitive Science. Taken together, the six volumes will provide access to the key debates within the field and all the main lines of research that have emerged. This resource presents an interdisciplinary collection of wide ranging readings taken from leading behavioral sciences publications, including highly cited theoretical articles and empirical articles that have had great impact on the key debates in the field.
Chapter Five: Psychology as a Science of Material Substances
Psychology as a Science of Material Substances
In psychology, materialism has been explicitly advocated in various forms and has been implicit in the presuppositions of research programs and proposals. We shall see that the different forms of materialism are interconnected in important ways. We can be ontological materialists, building our science on the explicit principle that only the material attributes of the human organism that can be ultimately accounted for in terms of the concepts of physics, are of relevance to the task of developing a science of thinking, feeling, perceiving and acting. Or we can be methodological materialists, allowing that there may be a realm of immaterial beings, thoughts, feelings and so on, but that the methods of ...