This new major work in a key area of psychological study and research has been bought together by one of Europe’s leading Cognitive scientists and will be included as part of the Sage Benchmarks in Psychology series. Drawing upon highly influential classic and contemporary sources, Koen Lambert guides readers through the central defining papers that anchor the field of Cognitive Science. Taken together, the six volumes will provide access to the key debates within the field and all the main lines of research that have emerged. This resource presents an interdisciplinary collection of wide ranging readings taken from leading behavioral sciences publications, including highly cited theoretical articles and empirical articles that have had great impact on the key debates in the field.

Psychology as the Science of Mental Substances

Psychology as the science of mental substances

In the seventeenth century Descartes, Locke and many others began the development of a mental science based on the presupposition that the character of psychological phenomena required the existence of a mental substance, a kind of mind stuff. The repertoires of mental realities set out in the great majority of the psychologically oriented writings of the period were based on a sharp distinction between the material and mental aspects of a human being. I will discuss three variants of seventeenth and eighteenth-century mentalism, that of Descartes, that of Locke and that of Hume. As this program developed a common thesis about the mechanism of cognition emerged, the association of ideas. Mentalism became ...

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