This new major work in a key area of psychological study and research has been bought together by one of Europe’s leading Cognitive scientists and will be included as part of the Sage Benchmarks in Psychology series. Drawing upon highly influential classic and contemporary sources, Koen Lambert guides readers through the central defining papers that anchor the field of Cognitive Science. Taken together, the six volumes will provide access to the key debates within the field and all the main lines of research that have emerged. This resource presents an interdisciplinary collection of wide ranging readings taken from leading behavioral sciences publications, including highly cited theoretical articles and empirical articles that have had great impact on the key debates in the field.

Understanding Scientific Method

Understanding scientific method

In Chapter 2, we learned how a science is built on two main pillars, its founding presuppositions. There is its ontology, the catalog of beings the existence of which is presupposed in every aspect of the way a science develops. If these are the kinds of beings we are studying, this is the sort of thing we can come to know about them. The means by which we are to obtain such knowledge is the methodology of the science in question. For example, meteorology is concerned with the movements of air masses, identified by their temperature, pressure, humidity and patterns of circulation. Meteorological knowledge is obtained from carefully sited thermometers, barometers and hygrometers, and from observations from satellites and so ...

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