This new major work in a key area of psychological study and research has been bought together by one of Europe’s leading Cognitive scientists and will be included as part of the Sage Benchmarks in Psychology series. Drawing upon highly influential classic and contemporary sources, Koen Lambert guides readers through the central defining papers that anchor the field of Cognitive Science. Taken together, the six volumes will provide access to the key debates within the field and all the main lines of research that have emerged. This resource presents an interdisciplinary collection of wide ranging readings taken from leading behavioral sciences publications, including highly cited theoretical articles and empirical articles that have had great impact on the key debates in the field.
Chapter Two: The Natural Sciences
The Natural Sciences
The natural sciences have given us insights into and mastery of much of the material universe, including our own bodies. The ultimate value of this fount of knowledge has often been questioned, when set against that which gives quality to human lives. However, there can be no question of the magnitude of the achievement. The idea that the methods of the natural sciences might be applied to our mental and social lives is not new. It was very much on the agenda in the seventeenth century. For example, John Locke (1690) sketched a science of ideas to parallel the science of material particles. In 1748 La Mettrie laid down some comprehensive working principles for providing neuro-physiological answers to psychological questions. ...