This new major work in a key area of psychological study and research has been bought together by one of Europe’s leading Cognitive scientists and will be included as part of the Sage Benchmarks in Psychology series. Drawing upon highly influential classic and contemporary sources, Koen Lambert guides readers through the central defining papers that anchor the field of Cognitive Science. Taken together, the six volumes will provide access to the key debates within the field and all the main lines of research that have emerged. This resource presents an interdisciplinary collection of wide ranging readings taken from leading behavioral sciences publications, including highly cited theoretical articles and empirical articles that have had great impact on the key debates in the field.

The Psychology of Classifying

The psychology of classifying

Much of the effort put into computer science has been concerned with developing techniques for storing vast amounts of data in an easily accessible form. Such techniques must facilitate the sorting and organizing of bodies of knowledge to fulfill practical needs. We use what we know about the properties and attributes of things, substances, events and processes to assign them to classes, species and types. To do this we need to have a working system of categories. Having classified the beings in some domain, we can draw on the body of knowledge implicit in the classification system to recover detailed descriptions of the beings that have been classified, butterflies, rocks, mental disorders, mushrooms, tennis tournaments or whatever.

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