This new major work in a key area of psychological study and research has been bought together by one of Europe’s leading Cognitive scientists and will be included as part of the Sage Benchmarks in Psychology series. Drawing upon highly influential classic and contemporary sources, Koen Lambert guides readers through the central defining papers that anchor the field of Cognitive Science. Taken together, the six volumes will provide access to the key debates within the field and all the main lines of research that have emerged. This resource presents an interdisciplinary collection of wide ranging readings taken from leading behavioral sciences publications, including highly cited theoretical articles and empirical articles that have had great impact on the key debates in the field.
Part One: The Nature and Methods of Science
Psychology is the study of thinking, feeling (emotions), perceiving and acting. The field of cognitive psychology has traditionally been concerned with just one of the four kinds of psychological phenomena: namely, thinking or cognition. What do we mean by ‘cognition’? In scientific matters it is unwise to set up hard-and-fast definitions. It is best to list some examples of what a general concept covers, and to add an etcetera! Among the psychological phenomena in the field of cognition are remembering, reasoning, calculating, classifying, deciding, etc.
In recent years it has become increasingly clear that neither the psychology of the emotions, nor the psychology of perception, nor social psychology can be studied without considerable attention being ...