Cognitive Psychology provides student readers with essential help with all aspects of their first course in cognitive psychology, including advice on revising for exams, preparing and writing course assessment materials, and enhancing and progressing their knowledge and skills in line with course requirements in cognitive psychology.

Visual Processing/Perception

Visual processing/perception

Core Areas

  • Accommodation
  • Aerial perspective
  • Affordances
  • Binocular cues
  • Convergence
  • Cyclic theory
  • Differentiation theory
  • Direct theory of perception
  • Enrichment theory
  • Familiar size
  • Indirect theory of perception
  • Interposition
  • Law of Pragnanz
  • Linear perspective
  • Location constancy
  • Monocular cues
  • Motion parallax
  • Nature–nurture debate
  • Neurophysiology
  • Oculomotor cues
  • Opponent process theory
  • Optic array
  • Optic flow
  • Perceptual development
  • Perceptual organisation
  • Perceptual set
  • Resonance
  • Shading
  • Shape constancy
  • Size constancy
  • Stereopsis
  • Texture gradients
  • Trichromatic theory
  • Visual cliff
  • Visual illusions
  • Visual preference technique

Learning Outcomes

By the end of this chapter you should be able to:

  • define and understand what is meant by each of the key terms outlined above;
  • understand that perception is a diverse topic that has a physiological basis and which focuses on the nature–nurture debate and its development and, organisation, as well as on theories of general and colour perception; and
  • be able to provide support for these areas using practical examples of perception, for example, illusions, constancies, depth cues and so on.

Running Themes

  • Bottom-up processing
  • Cognitive neuroscience
  • Ecological validity
  • Experimental cognitive ...
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