Cognitive Psychology provides student readers with essential help with all aspects of their first course in cognitive psychology, including advice on revising for exams, preparing and writing course assessment materials, and enhancing and progressing their knowledge and skills in line with course requirements in cognitive psychology.

Introduction to Memory, the Multistore Model, Encoding and Retrieval

Introduction to Memory, the Multistore Model, Encoding and Retrieval

Introduction to memory, the multistore model, encoding and retrieval

Core Areas

  • Cue dependent forgetting
  • Displacement
  • Encoding
  • Encoding specificity
  • Interference
  • Long-term memory
  • Multistore model
  • Recall
  • Recognition
  • Repression
  • Retrieval
  • Sensory memory
  • Short-term memory
  • Storage
  • Trace decay
  • Two-process theory

Learning Outcomes

By the end of this chapter you should be able to:

  • define and understand the key concepts outlined above;
  • be able to describe the processes involved in memory including encoding, storage and retrieval and the multistore model (MSM) of memory inclusive of its three memory stores (SM, STM, LTM);
  • use the work of the key thinkers in evaluating the MSM;
  • understand the different theories of forgetting and the explanations they offer, including their usefulness based on the research evidence provided; and
  • distinguish between recall and recognition and acknowledge the key components of the two-process model and encoding specificity.

Running Themes

  • Chunking
  • Ecological validity
  • Experimental cognitive ...
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