Cognitive Psychology provides student readers with essential help with all aspects of their first course in cognitive psychology, including advice on revising for exams, preparing and writing course assessment materials, and enhancing and progressing their knowledge and skills in line with course requirements in cognitive psychology.

Object Recognition
Object recognition
Core Areas
  • Cognitive demon
  • Decision demon
  • Face recognition
  • Feature demon
  • Feature detection theory
  • Full primal sketch
  • Geons
  • Image demon
  • Marr's computational model
  • Normalisation
  • Pandemonium model of feature detection
  • Pattern recognition
  • Prototype theory
  • Range map
  • Raw primal sketch
  • Template theory
  • 3-D representation
  • 2.5-D representation
Learning Outcomes

By the end of this chapter you should be able to:

  • define the key terms;
  • distinguish between theories of pattern recognition and face recognition;
  • understand the psychological explanations of object recognition and the contribution made by neuroscience;
  • acknowledge the work of key thinkers in this area; and
  • critically evaluate their work.
Running Themes
  • Bottom-up processing
  • Ecological validity
  • Experimental cognitive psychology
  • Gestalt psychology
  • Modularity
  • Top-down processing
Introduction

Eysenck & Keane (2000) outline the three key processes involved in object recognition; the fact that environmental stimuli overlap so a decision has to be made about the beginning and end of objects, they need to be recognised from different orientations and distances and categorisation ...

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