What lies behind decision-making and improved educational and managerial performance? This book tries to answer by putting forth meaningful strategies in the context of planning and executive functions. This is based on five broad themes: Decisions are based on both emotions and rationality in varying proportions. Emotions and rationality are functions of the brain. Origin of planning and executive functions engaged in problem-solving, and how these functions are measured from three worlds, viz., world of physical objects, world of conscious and unconscious states and psychological control, and world of cultural products, such as language, theories in science, and objects of art. Improvement in planning and executive functions helps in better performance in both educational achievements and managerial decision-making. Methods to boost decision-making and planning.
This book will interest Educational Planners and Managers in business administration as well as the undergraduate and postgraduate students of Psychology, Management and Education.
Chapter 4: Executive Functions, Planning, and Intelligence: Can Brain Localization Help?
Executive Functions, Planning, and Intelligence: Can Brain Localization Help?
There is considerable evidence by now that the prefrontal cortex plays a major role in high-order control processes that exercise a top-down regulation of cognition and behaviour. (Petrides, 2005)
As interest in EF has been growing rapidly, the concept has been expanded so much that it threatens to replace intelligence and thinking. As a consequence of broadening the concept, EF may not be specific enough for explanation of circumscribed cognitive functions and operations. Its underlying brain structure and functions will then be difficult to determine. We discuss a few specific studies relating EF to brain functions that may argue in favor of using EF as a relevant explanation of ...