What lies behind decision-making and improved educational and managerial performance? This book tries to answer by putting forth meaningful strategies in the context of planning and executive functions. This is based on five broad themes: Decisions are based on both emotions and rationality in varying proportions. Emotions and rationality are functions of the brain. Origin of planning and executive functions engaged in problem-solving, and how these functions are measured from three worlds, viz., world of physical objects, world of conscious and unconscious states and psychological control, and world of cultural products, such as language, theories in science, and objects of art. Improvement in planning and executive functions helps in better performance in both educational achievements and managerial decision-making. Methods to boost decision-making and planning.
This book will interest Educational Planners and Managers in business administration as well as the undergraduate and postgraduate students of Psychology, Management and Education.
Chapter 2: Models of Planning: Past and Current
Models of Planning: Past and Current
Human intellectual activity is defined as organized problem solving which relies on logical program of interconnected operations. (Luria & Tsvetkova, 1990)
Human faculties seem to consist not of a solution to one problem, but of knitting together of the solutions to a number of problems. (Premack, 2010)
Premack (2010) describes planning and problem solving as domain-general abilities, a commonly held view. Such a characterization of problem solving is consistent with the proposition that these are based on logical program of interconnected operations. Premack goes further as he views problem solving within the broad framework of the question “Why humans are unique?” His answer is a reasonable one: Human intelligence is general whereas animal intelligence is specific ...