This best-selling, practical, evidence-based guide to the cognitive behavioural approach takes you step-by-step through the process of counselling, from initial contact with the client to termination and follow up. The book follows a skills-based format based around the Bordin and Dryden model of bonds, goals, tasks and views, with expanded case material to further illustrate links between theory and practice. This third edition includes new content on: • the working alliance — what it is and why it is so important • challenges and pitfalls in the counselling process • when to challenge and when not to challenge clients beliefs • emotional problems such as shame, guilt and jealousy as well as anxiety, depression and anger. Drawing on their own extensive experience and contemporary research, the authors provide a concise overview of the cognitive behavioural approach, with new material on emotional problems rarely covered in practitioner guides, a strong emphasis on the therapeutic alliance, and updated bibliographic references throughout.
Chapter 8: Middle Stage II – Changing Hot Thoughts: Challenging and Changing Evaluations
Middle Stage II – Changing Hot Thoughts: Challenging and Changing Evaluations
Task 15. The Evaluation Change Option
The main criterion for choosing the Evaluation Change Option is when the counsellor has discovered or suspects from the assessment stage that the client has, or is vulnerable to developing, an extremely negative view of himself (core belief), a significant other or life circumstances, is grossly magnifying the badness of adverse events, or has an extremely low threshold for tolerating adverse events, whether external or internal. These extreme evaluative beliefs lead to disturbed emotional consequences and are common in anxiety, depression and anger-related problems. They are the products of what Albert Ellis, the inventor of REBT, described as ...