In their established introduction to contemporary CBT theory and practice, Diana Sanders and Frank Wills show how therapeutic change takes place across a network of cognitive, emotional and behavioral functioning. They explain the central concepts of CBT and illustrate - with numerous case examples - how these can effectively be put into practice at each stage of the therapeutic process. The revised book now includes: • Recent developments in CBT, i.e., new settings and applications including guided self-help, computerized CBT, IAPT & stepped care • Two brand new chapters on mindfulness and increasing access to CBT • Extra case studies, chapter previews, exercises and further reading, plus an appendix of further resources • Coverage of a wider range of client issues This continues to be the ideal companion for those working - or training to work - in the psychological therapies and mental health.
Chapter 9: Working with Assumptions, Core Beliefs and Schemas – Getting to the Heart of the Problems
Working with Assumptions, Core Beliefs and Schemas – Getting to the Heart of the Problems
The CBT model makes distinctions between automatic thoughts, conditional beliefs such as underlying assumptions and rules, and unconditional core beliefs and schemas. In this chapter we look in greater detail at how CBT tackles these deeper rules and beliefs that determine who we are and how we live in the world, which may be adaptive, or contribute to on-going difficulties. Although standard CBT guidelines recommend starting with NATs and working down to assumptions, then progressing to core beliefs and schemas, in practice working with thoughts, assumptions and beliefs often proceeds hand in hand, thoughts being ...