REBT/CBT therapies are presented with an emphasis on the therapeutic relationship from a common factors perspective. • REBT/CBT therapies are presented with an emphasis on the therapeutic relationship from a common factors perspective. • Research demonstrating that REBT/CBT is highly compatible with major world religions such as Christianity, Judaism, and Islam is imparted. • The author shows that as “third wave” cognitive therapies-such as Mindfulness-Based CBT, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy-evolved, these approaches incorporated elements of spirituality into treatments while continuing to emphasize the therapeutic alliance.

Evolution of REBT/CBT

Evolution of rebt/cbt

At the conclusion of World War II, the Veterans Administration (VA) recognized that there were many unmet mental health needs of our returning soldiers (Baker & Pickren, 2007; Ciarrochi & Bailey, 2008). However, as Baker and Pickren pointed out, there was a shortage of psychiatrists to provide these services. Subsequently, the VA in conjunction with the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) began to increase funding for the mental health services and turned to psychologists to assist in this endeavor. Still, at this time psychiatrists and psychologists were enamored with Freudian psychoanalysis (Ciarrochi & Bailey, 2008).

One of Freud’s cases in particular that served as a bridge to our current topic of REBT/CBT is that of Little Hans. Hans ...

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