KEY FEATURES: Required 2016 CACREP standards for CMH Counseling programs are covered. Chapter authors are leading counseling writers, and many are practicing CMH counselors. Chapter topics apply theory to real-world issues of practice, such as paperwork and medications. Case studies and discussion questions afford students opportunities to apply what they read to practical situations. Evidence-based treatments, neuroscience, and other cutting-edge topics reflect the currency of the text.Bolded key concepts help students to focus their reading and learning.
Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to do the following:
- Describe three dimensions of psychopathology
- Describe etiological models of psychopathology, including the biopsychosocial model
- State the major features of the DSM-5
- Apply the four diagnostic principles to a case study to arrive at a diagnosis
Epidemiological studies over the past 20 years have shown that mental disorders are not only common but also are on the rise (Kessler, 2011; Keyes, 2007). In any one year, roughly one in five individuals will have some mental disorder (Kessler et al., 1994; U.S. Public Health Service, 1999). Complicating the problem is the finding that disorders like depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorders are appearing at earlier ages (Keyes, 2007; Keyes ...