Climate change is now widely regarded as one of the most serious challenges the world faces, and adapting to it is an urgent requirement for countries across the world. The less developed countries of the Asia and Pacific region, despite contributing the least to the emission of greenhouse gases, are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific: How Can Countries Adapt compiles policies and best practices on climate change adaptation, emphasizing the fact that the Asia and Pacific region needs immediate measures—both structural and nonstructural—in order to adapt to climate change. The discussions elaborate on issues related to water resources, agriculture, and natural resources management, which are some of the most vital sectors for the region from environmental, social, and economic perspectives.
Although the policies and measures discussed in the book are specific to the Asia and Pacific region, the key findings will be relevant to other regions as well; for example, Africa and Latin America. Policymakers and researchers involved in the study of climate change adaptation will find this volume of great interest.
Chapter 8: Adaptation Measures for Climate Change in Japan
Adaptation Measures for Climate Change in Japan
When the River Bureau of the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) considers climate change from the perspective of managing water-related disasters, the concern is that the growing risk of sea-level rise and increases in rainfall intensity will bring about an extremely hazardous situation. In spite of full recognition of the need for mitigation measures to promote a reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, it is necessary to start considering adapting to future climate change as soon as possible, because even if a reduction in GHG emissions becomes successful, climate change will still inevitably occur. This chapter proposes a framework for a specific Japanese risk-based program ...