• Summary
  • Contents
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`This chunky little book is packed with interesting approaches to the currently fashionable area of client assessment... This is a book for any counsellor or counsellor trainee's shelf, a necessary reference for the sound professional' - Counselling News `The comprehensive series of essays... is a timely contribution... This book is about being professional and effective... a valuable multimodal life inventory for use with clients is provided' - Counselling, The Journal of The British Association for Counselling What information will help you assess the therapeutic needs of a client? Could you identify a suicidal client? How can you tell whether or not you are working wi

Modality Assessment
Modality assessment
StephenPalmer

Arnold Lazarus (1981; 1989) believes that the entire range of human personality can he included within seven modalities. He places emphasis on the fact that people are essentially biological organisms (neurophysiological/biochemical entities) who behave (.act and react), emote (experience affective responses), sense (respond to olfactory, tactile, gustatory, visual and auditory stimuli), imagine (conjure up sights, sounds and other events in the mind's eye), think (hold beliefs, opinions, attitudes and values), and interact with one another (tolerate, enjoy or endure various interpersonal relationships). By referring to these seven discrete but interactive dimensions or modalities as behaviour, affect, sensation, imagery, cognition, interpersonal and drugs/ biology, the useful acronym BASIC ID arises from the first letter of each (see Palmer and Lazarus, 1995).

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