South Asia has become the site of major civil or internal wars, with both domestic and global consequences. The conflict in Kashmir, for example, continues to make headlines, while those in the Northeast and central India simmer, though relatively unnoticed. There appears to be no clear resolution to the civil war and occupation in Afghanistan, even as Nepal and Sri Lanka work out their very different post-war settlements. In Bangladesh, the war of 1971 remains a political fault line, as the events around the War Crimes Tribunal show.

This volume demonstrates the importance of South Asia as a region to deepening the study of civil wars and armed conflicts and, simultaneously, illustrates how civil wars open up questions of sovereignty, citizenship and state contours. By engaging these broader theoretical debates, in a field largely dominated by security studies and comparative politics, it contributes to the study of civil wars, political sociology, anthropology and political theory.

This volume is one of the few books that is genuinely and equally representative of scholarship across South Asia, contributing not just to the study of civil wars, but also to the study of South Asia as a region.

The Rise of Jihadi Militancy in Pakistan's Tribal Areas

The rise of Jihadi militancy in Pakistan's tribal areas
HarisGazdar, YasserKureshi and AsadSayeed*


The tribal areas of Northwest Pakistan have become an arena of militancy and terrorism over the last decade, which threatens not just Pakistan, but the world at large. This chapter is an attempt to explore the factors that have led to this militancy. Bordering Afghanistan, this region has been under the global strategic gaze. As such, most analyses seek to explain militancy either with reference to the larger war theatre around it (i.e., troubles in Afghanistan) or by the very nature of a tribal society with alleged inherent tendencies to violence. In this chapter, we will focus on the institutional dynamic and political economy of ...

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