- Subject index
South Asia has become the site of major civil or internal wars, with both domestic and global consequences. The conflict in Kashmir, for example, continues to make headlines, while those in the Northeast and central India simmer, though relatively unnoticed. There appears to be no clear resolution to the civil war and occupation in Afghanistan, even as Nepal and Sri Lanka work out their very different post-war settlements. In Bangladesh, the war of 1971 remains a political fault line, as the events around the War Crimes Tribunal show.
This volume demonstrates the importance of South Asia as a region to deepening the study of civil wars and armed conflicts and, simultaneously, illustrates how civil wars open up questions of sovereignty, citizenship and state contours. By engaging ...
Chapter 6: Civil War or Genocide? Britain and the Secession of East Pakistan in 1971
Civil War or Genocide? Britain and the Secession of East Pakistan in 1971
The potential for civil war was built into the fabric of the post-World War II international system of nation states because it is animated by rival principles of legitimacy. On the one hand, the United Nation's (UN) founding principle, Article 2(7) of its Charter, guarantees ‘noninterference’ in ‘matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state’. State sovereignty hardened rather than softened under the UN; the defunct and reviled League of Nations had possessed greater power than the UN to intervene in the affairs of (some) nation states on behalf of national minorities (Mazower 2009). On the ...