South Asia has become the site of major civil or internal wars, with both domestic and global consequences. The conflict in Kashmir, for example, continues to make headlines, while those in the Northeast and central India simmer, though relatively unnoticed. There appears to be no clear resolution to the civil war and occupation in Afghanistan, even as Nepal and Sri Lanka work out their very different post-war settlements. In Bangladesh, the war of 1971 remains a political fault line, as the events around the War Crimes Tribunal show.

This volume demonstrates the importance of South Asia as a region to deepening the study of civil wars and armed conflicts and, simultaneously, illustrates how civil wars open up questions of sovereignty, citizenship and state contours. By engaging these broader theoretical debates, in a field largely dominated by security studies and comparative politics, it contributes to the study of civil wars, political sociology, anthropology and political theory.

This volume is one of the few books that is genuinely and equally representative of scholarship across South Asia, contributing not just to the study of civil wars, but also to the study of South Asia as a region.

Sri Lanka: Military Fiscalism and the Politics of Market Reform at a Time of Civil War

Sri Lanka: Military fiscalism and the politics of market reform at a time of civil war

Following the end of the Sri Lankan civil war in 2009, the military has assumed a deepening role in civilian administration, development and the economy (Anonymous 2013; ICG 2012; Kadirgamar 2013; Satkunanathan 2013). These trends are evident even outside the Northeast where the military has assumed important functions of civilian administration such as urban renewal and sports, reflecting a broader encroachment of the military on other branches of the state and civilian life. This chapter provides a different and long-term explanation for this militarization by tracing it back to broader socio-economic transformations and economic ...

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