Is 'citizenship' still a useful concept? Can citizens - and democracy - exist independently of the state? This text provides an accessible guide to the theories and debates that surround the key political concepts of state, citizenship, and democracy today. John Hoffman reviews the modern development of these concepts from the classic texts of Marx and Weber to the post-war critiques of the feminist, multicultural and critical theorists and considers the on-going barriers to a full realisation of a democratic citizenship. By carefully considering what the state is and what it does, Hoffman shows that it is possible to respond to these critiques and challenges and 'reclaim' citizenship and democracy as inclusive and emancipatory, rather than divisive and controlling. In advancing this alternative view of a 'stateless' citizenship, Hoffman opens up new possibilities for conceiving power and society in contemporary politics today. It will be essential reading for all students of politics and sociology for whom the questions of state, nationality, power and identity remain of central importance.
Chapter 7: Globalization
- What is it? 114
- Globalization and the ‘Free Market’ 116
- Stiglitz and the Case against the International Monetary Fund (IMF) 117
- The Challenge of Global Government 120
- The UN and the EU 122
- Global Government as a Multiple Citizenship 128
- Summary 132
The debate concerning globalization has crucial implications for the question of citizenship. Some reject the very concept, so the case will first be made for globalization as a process that builds upon the past, but is nevertheless new. Globalization is often construed negatively as a purely capitalist phenomenon, which increasingly divides the world into rich and poor, but if construed in this fashion, it would clearly be inimical to citizenship.
However, globalization also has positive consequences and a distinction will be made between globalization as a negative phenomenon (which can ...