Through a detailed introductory discussion of the relation between the civil and the political, and between recognition and representation, this book provides a comprehensive vocabulary for understanding citizenship. It uses the work of T H Marshall to frame the critical interrogation of how ethnic, technological, ecological, cosmopolitan, sexual and cultural rights relate to citizenship. The authors show how the civil, political and social meanings of citizenship have been redefined by postmodernization and globalization.

Sexual Citizenship: Identities of Gender and Sexuality
Sexual citizenship: Identities of gender and sexuality
Introduction

This chapter focuses on the intersection between gender identities, including homosexuality, heterosexuality and transsexuality, and citizenship. While gender and sexuality are not the same thing, they are intimately linked and social movements along one line of identity have always implicated the other. Both the women's movement and the gay-rights movements have gone beyond their legal battles to challenge prevailing ideas of sexual roles on all fronts. However, the two movements, to the extent they are distinct, have not achieved equal measures of success in their battles for civil and social rights of citizenship. Women were initially the more explicitly excluded from political and social participation, but in the long run they have ...

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