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The twenty-first century will witness a rapid urban expansion in the developing world. India, it is believed, will be at the forefront of such a phenomenon. This book acknowledges the role of agglomeration externalities as the cornerstone of urban public policy in India.

Arguing that hypotheses of over-urbanization and urban bias theory—which articulated a negative view of urbanization—are based on fragile theoretical as well as empirical foundations, this book calls for proactive public policy to harness planned urbanization as resource. India requires agglomeration-augmenting, congestion-mitigating, and resource-generating cities as engines of economic growth, including rural development.

The book provides a large number of practical examples from India and abroad to enable policy-makers undertake reforms in urban and regional planning, financing, and governance to meet the challenges of urbanization in India. It combines theory and practice to draw lessons for an urban agenda for India and recognizes the central role of cities in catalysing growth and generating public finance for economic development.

Introduction
Introduction

The twenty-first century will witness an urban revolution in the developing world. This revolution may be far more important than the agricultural and industrial revolutions in terms of its impact on humanity. India will be at the forefront of this urban revolution. It will provide a unique opportunity to the country to accelerate economic growth and reduce poverty through the clustering of firms, households, and institutions in cities. Planned urbanization offers a colossal opportunity for India's development in the coming decades. The future of the rural poor trying to escape poverty, the urban poor, and slum-dwellers struggling to secure a dignified living, the rural areas striving to access basic services, the cities contributing to economic growth, and the nation endeavouring to come out of ...

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