Smoking is one of the world’s most pressing public health problems. Cigarettes, Nicotine, and Health reviews the severe problems caused by smoking and examines individual and public health approaches to reducing smoking and its attendant health problems. Cigarettes are the most popular, most addictive, and most deadly form of tobacco use, with cigarette design contributing directly to the dangers of smoking; most of the book focuses on this predominant form of nicotine use.

Who Smokes and What Kills Them

Who smokes and what kills them

Women who smoke like men die like men who smoke.

—U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (1979)

This chapter is about life and death—the product life of cigarettes and the early death of persons. Cigarettes have had different lives in different countries. In the United States in the 20th century, the modern cigarette flourished once, then dwindled, but began to show signs of new growth among the young at the close of the century. Smoking came into fashion first for men, then for women, and fell out of fashion, first for men, then for women (Ferrence, 1990). Social pressures brought individuals to smoking and then, similar, but opposing, social pressures pushed people away from smoking. ...

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