Focusing on developmental and clinical issues in children's adjustment to adoption, the authors introduce this volume with an overview of historical and contemporary perspectives, then explore various theories that have addressed the issue of psychological risk associated with adoption. Following a review of empirical research on factors that influence the adjustment process, the authors discuss different types of adoption, analyze methodological problems, and discuss clinical and assessment issues that commonly arise in work with adoptees and their families.
Conclusions and Future Directions
What can we conclude about adoption and its influence on children and their families? First, it is clear that adoption has become a very complex and highly varied form of family life. Compared with just a few decades ago, there is substantially greater diversity in the children being adopted as well as the individuals who are adopting them. This trend, which shows no evidence of reversing itself, limits our ability to make broad generalizations about outcomes for adopted children and their families. Second, it is equally clear that adoption is a highly successful societal solution for those children whose biological parents cannot or will not provide for them. There is no question that adopted children fare significantly better ...