Focusing on developmental and clinical issues in children's adjustment to adoption, the authors introduce this volume with an overview of historical and contemporary perspectives, then explore various theories that have addressed the issue of psychological risk associated with adoption. Following a review of empirical research on factors that influence the adjustment process, the authors discuss different types of adoption, analyze methodological problems, and discuss clinical and assessment issues that commonly arise in work with adoptees and their families.

Transracial and Intercountry Adoption

Transracial and intercountry adoption

One of the more controversial aspects of current child welfare policy and practice concerns the appropriateness of placing children in families that differ in racial or ethnic background from the child's birth parents. Transracial adoption in the United States typically has involved placing minority children in white families. Proponents of these type of placements argue that the disproportionately large numbers of minority children who are in foster care (McRoy, Oglesby, & Grape, 1997), combined with the relative dearth of available racially matched families willing to adopt, demand that children be placed in nurturing, stable homes without respect to race. Opponents of transracial adoption, on the other hand, suggest that placement of children outside their own racial group will ...

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