Focusing on developmental and clinical issues in children's adjustment to adoption, the authors introduce this volume with an overview of historical and contemporary perspectives, then explore various theories that have addressed the issue of psychological risk associated with adoption. Following a review of empirical research on factors that influence the adjustment process, the authors discuss different types of adoption, analyze methodological problems, and discuss clinical and assessment issues that commonly arise in work with adoptees and their families.

Special Needs Adopted Children

Special needs adopted children

As we have noted previously, adoption policy and practice in the United States underwent significant change beginning in the late 1970s. Prior to this time, most adoptions involved the placement of healthy white infants in white families. However, a number of factors, including increased access to legal abortion services, greater societal acceptance of single parenthood, and better contraception methods, all led to a decrease in the availability of infants for adoption (Stolley, 1993). Coincidentally, the decline in adoptable babies occurred at the same time as an increase in public interest in adoption, as growing numbers of families delayed parenthood and began experiencing fertility problems. Thus, the parameters of adoption began to expand, as individuals and couples that previously ...

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