This book explores issues related to poverty in South Asia in a two-pronged manner—by focusing on injustice created and perpetuated by the unjust nature of a social order as its source and by providing concrete suggestions about how policymakers may move to challenge these injustices.
Drawing on research inputs from studies across various South Asian countries, the book redefines poverty as a process which excludes certain segments of the society from equitable participation in development opportunities as well as decision-making. It further identifies a variety of operational ideas which can be used by policymakers, political activists, and civil society advocacy groups committed to build a more just, inclusive and poverty free society in South Asia.
Chapter 6: Budgetary Policies for Poverty Eradication
Budgetary Policies for Poverty Eradication
The Budget as an Instrument of Social Policy
Coverage of the Chapter
All South Asian governments have committed themselves to reducing if not eradicating poverty. These commitments have been reaffirmed in successive five year plans (FYPs). This chapter looks at the actions of the governments of South Asia in realising their commitment to alleviate poverty. For the purposes of our discussion, the national budget will be used as a measure of the government's fidelity of purpose in addressing poverty. The budget embodies the most direct instrument available to a government to influence economic activity or to provide benefits to specific social groups. The government may also influence the levels of poverty through its policies, institutions and governance. But ...