This book explores issues related to poverty in South Asia in a two-pronged manner—by focusing on injustice created and perpetuated by the unjust nature of a social order as its source and by providing concrete suggestions about how policymakers may move to challenge these injustices.
Drawing on research inputs from studies across various South Asian countries, the book redefines poverty as a process which excludes certain segments of the society from equitable participation in development opportunities as well as decision-making. It further identifies a variety of operational ideas which can be used by policymakers, political activists, and civil society advocacy groups committed to build a more just, inclusive and poverty free society in South Asia.
Chapter 1: Poverty as Structural Injustice
Poverty as Structural Injustice
The Structural Dimensions of Poverty
The international development community (IDC) has become much more conscious and committed towards ending the scourge of poverty. However, initiatives to reduce poverty, whether through the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) or the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), through enhancing the flow of resources into poverty reduction programmes, may not be fruitful unless policymakers address the structural sources of the problem which create and perpetuate poverty. In recent years considerable academic work has been done on the issues of inequity and inequality in the development process. This literature tends to view the issue of inequity largely in instrumental terms and seeks to establish its possible negative implications for efficiency and growth or even on political ...