This timely text draws on interdisciplinary theory and research to examine the multidimensional risk and protective factors for eight challenges of living frequently encountered by social workers. The authors provide a working model for social workers to integrate the most up-to-date evidence about challenges of living they face in their daily practice. Using a multidimensional biopsychosocial-spiritual perspective, the book examines etiology, course, and intervention strategies related to these eight challenges of living.


Elizabeth D.Hutchison, Virginia. Commonwealth University
Pamela J.Kovacs, Virginia Commonwealth University

In Chapter 2, you met Estella Jackson, who has recently learned that she is infected with the HIV virus. You might be concerned about what this means for Estella's future, as well as the future of her sister, Sondra. You might also be wondering how Estella will cope with this new challenge, given her past struggles. HIV, which stands for human immunodeficiency virus, is a special kind of virus, called a retrovirus, that stores its genetic information in RNA rather than DNA form but has the ability to replicate by converting to DNA form. HIV attacks the immune system and is the virus that causes AIDS, which stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Acquired means that it ...

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