This timely text draws on interdisciplinary theory and research to examine the multidimensional risk and protective factors for eight challenges of living frequently encountered by social workers. The authors provide a working model for social workers to integrate the most up-to-date evidence about challenges of living they face in their daily practice. Using a multidimensional biopsychosocial-spiritual perspective, the book examines etiology, course, and intervention strategies related to these eight challenges of living.

Traumatic Stress

Traumatic stress
Holly C.Matto, Virginia Commonwealth University

Elias, Claudia, and Junito Salvatierra migrated from the Dominican Republic (DR) to the United States. Although the migration experience was different for each of them, it seems safe to say that all three of them found the process of migration to be quite stressful, and perhaps even traumatic. Given his age and the many losses associated with his migration, we might suspect that Junito was particularly traumatized by his experience with migration. Stress can be defined as any event in which the situational demands tax the adaptive resources of an individual. Stress that is so severe as to overwhelm the coping capacities is referred to as traumatic stress. Trauma creates an intense impact on the physical and psychological ...

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