This timely text draws on interdisciplinary theory and research to examine the multidimensional risk and protective factors for eight challenges of living frequently encountered by social workers. The authors provide a working model for social workers to integrate the most up-to-date evidence about challenges of living they face in their daily practice. Using a multidimensional biopsychosocial-spiritual perspective, the book examines etiology, course, and intervention strategies related to these eight challenges of living.

Community Violence

Community violence
Elizabeth D.Hutchison, Virginia Commonwealth University

Community violence (CV) is a challenge for three of the families introduced in Chapter 2. The daily stress of community violence is one of the more formidable challenges faced by the Jackson family. Sondra Jackson wanted to leave the neighborhood to protect Isaiah from violence, but that was not possible, and Isaiah became a tragic victim of neighborhood violence during his adolescence. Junito Salvatierra appears to be involved in gang activity, activity that could put him at risk for becoming either a perpetrator or victim of community violence. Kim Tran has recently been drawn into home invasion acts of community violence.

In 2002, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a World Report on Violence and Health and declared violence ...

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