Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India's Foreign Policy examines India's foreign policy options in order to ensure that the country retains its space for manoeuvre, to follow an independent foreign policy in the 21st century global scenario.

Traditions and Institutions

Traditions and institutions

Although the Indian civilization is old, the Indian nation is young. Ironically, it is India's experience under colonial rule that created the idea of India as a modern nation. Macaulay's educational reforms were intended to create an Indian elite who, cut off from the deep roots of their own rich heritage of culture and achievements, would become loyal subjects of the British Empire. Macaulay's strategy did succeed, perhaps more than he envisaged. An unintended outcome of educating Indians was the rise of Indian nationalism. The Indian elite educated in the Western mould drew inspiration from the great ideas of nationalism, communism and socialism that were sweeping across Europe in the second half of the 19th and the first half of ...

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