Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India's Foreign Policy examines India's foreign policy options in order to ensure that the country retains its space for manoeuvre, to follow an independent foreign policy in the 21st century global scenario.

Energy Security

Energy security

India's Energy Mix

India today is the world's fifth largest consumer of energy despite the fact that its current per capita consumption of energy is very low—490 kg of oil equivalent per capita annually—compared to the world average of 1780 kg. India's incremental energy demand is among the highest in the world. If India's economy continues to grow at 8 per cent per annum, India will become the third largest consumer of energy by 2030, but even a more modest 5 to 6 per cent annual growth rate will lead to a sharp increase in India's energy requirements over the next two or three decades. The Integrated Energy Policy report of the Indian Planning Commission, released in 2006, estimates that by 2031–32 India's ...

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