Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India's Foreign Policy examines India's foreign policy options in order to ensure that the country retains its space for manoeuvre, to follow an independent foreign policy in the 21st century global scenario.

The 21st Century World

The 21st century world

The world has been in flux for nearly two decades. The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 signalled the end of the post–World War II era. This momentous event, full of symbolism, signalled the defeat of the Soviet Union in the Cold War, triggered off the disintegration of sovereign states and emboldened the United States (US) towards triumphal and unilateral behaviour. A ‘new world order’ was proclaimed. Long-established principles of international relations like the sovereignty of States, equality between States and non-interference in internal affairs of States were cast aside in the name of ‘humanitarian interventionism’, or to tackle the problem of ‘failed States’. International treaties and agreements were given the go-by if they did not suit ...

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