Categorization in Social Psychology offers a major introduction to the study of categorization, looking especially at links between categorization in cognitive and social psychology. In a highly readable and accessible style, the author covers all the main approaches to categorization in social psychology that a student might come across, including: biased stimulus processing, construct actviation, self-categorization, explanation-based, social judgeability and assimilation//contrast approaches. It is a wide-ranging and up-to-date treatment of concepts from cognitive as well as social psychology.
Chapter 1: Some Starting Assumptions: Perceivers' Perspectives and Social Consensus
Some Starting Assumptions: Perceivers' Perspectives and Social Consensus
A. Stating the Problem
Categorization is the process of understanding what some thing is by knowing what other things it is equivalent to and what other things it is different from. It is widely studied in both cognitive psychology and social psychology and in other areas such as linguistics and philosophy. Indeed, it has such a rich and detailed usage in each one of these fields that researchers are often surprised when they discover rich veins of related work in another discipline.
The relevant research can be broken into two broad classes. There is research that is said to be about ‘categorization’ by the people who do that research. There is also research ...