Helping others to make occupational choices requires a combination of skill and a deep understanding of the world of work as it is today and will be in the future. Unlike texts, which focus only on skill, Careers Guidance in Context is designed to develop understanding of the factors, which shape both the labour market, and careers guidance as an occupation in itself. Careers Guidance in Context re-evaluates the concept of `a career' in the light of economic restructuring, globalization and the growth of information technology. It draws together up-to-date theories about guidance work and debates the importance of integrating theory and practice. Examining the processes in which practitioners engage when work
Chapter 3: Working with Individuals
Working with Individuals
Setting the Context
This chapter begins by exploring the wider context for working with individuals who seek help with ‘career’. The chapter moves on to identify the frameworks for career helping that are most commonly used by UK-based practitioners. Consideration is then given to how we define career helping, together with the competing ‘world views’ that inform our definitions. Specific career helping strategies are described, and the chapter concludes by discussing the role and function of supervision for career helpers. Throughout this chapter the generic term ‘career helping’ is used as an alternative to more common descriptors such as ‘careers guidance’. The reasons for this will become evident in what follows.
The Socio-Economic Context of Career Helping
As Chapter 1 has indicated, our ...