Identifying appropriate strategies for instruction or intervention made easy! Selecting individualized and evidence-based interventions for struggling students can overwhelm even the most experienced teachers. Save time and get the help you need with this comprehensive guide from an expert in special education and cultural differences! Organized around an alphabetized and cross-referenced list and a fold-out selection grid featuring more than 150 PBIS, RTI, and MTSS interventions, you’ll quickly find the tools to resolve specific learning and behavioral challenges. This must-have resource helps you effortlessly locate appropriate strategies based on student needs and desired learning outcomes. Teachers, counselors, and instructional intervention teams will learn to • Meet the needs of all your struggling students including at-risk, culturally and linguistically diverse, as well as those with IEPs • Progress monitor, document, and modify instructional strategies • Identify specific interventions for distinct learning and behavior problems, including many reading, writing, math, and attention strategies • Implement classroom-wide, small group, or individualized interventions • Use classroom-based data to guide decision making • Implement in a variety of settings, including special education, learning assistance programs, and full-inclusion Including implementation checklists, examples of every strategy as well as its research base, and graphic organizers, use this book to discover the what, why, and how to help each student achieve success!

Test-Taking Strategy—PIRATES
Purpose of the Strategy
  • Build academic transfer skills
  • Build awareness of learning process
  • Build awareness of school culture expectations
  • Clarify responsibilities, assignments, and rewards
  • Develop confidence in academic interactions
  • Develop extended time on task
  • Develop thinking and planning skills
  • Improve confidence and self-esteem
  • Improve mnemonic retrieval
  • Improve test-taking skills
  • Increase students’ probability of generating a correct response
  • Increase students’ time on task
  • Reduce anxiety and stress
  • Reduce distractibility
  • Sustain engagement
  • Develop problem-solving skills
  • Expand and elaborate on learning
  • Improve students’ ability to organize and prioritize information
  • Build awareness of learning process
  • Improve test-taking skills for typical achievement tests


PIRATES Test-Taking Outcomes


Prepare to succeed


Inspect instructions carefully


Read entire question, remember strategies, and reduce choices


Answer question or leave until later


Turn back to the abandoned items


Estimate unknown answers by avoiding absolutes and eliminating similar choices


Survey to ensure that all items have a response

How to Do It
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