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Trade and Politics in the Indian Ocean
Trade and politics in the Indian ocean

The Indian Ocean connected a great variety of peoples, cultures and economies, being almost linked to the Mediterranean through the Red Sea, penetrating the central lands of West Asia via the Persian Gulf, washing both shores of the Indian subcontinent and linking up with the South China Sea, beyond which lay the Pacific. The sea routes were linked to over-land trade routes, creating a tight economic relationship. In the 10th and 11th centuries ad, economies throughout Asia expanded markedly and new powers emerged, such as the Cholas in southern India, the Khmers in Angkor, the Burmese at Pagan and the Song in China. These political consolidations stimulated Asia's maritime commerce and the ...

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