Bridging the Social Gap: Perspectives on Dalit Empowerment addresses four interrelated issues. It conceptualises exclusion-linked deprivation of excluded and indigenous groups in Indian society and elaborates the concept and meaning of social exclusion in general, and of caste-, untouchability- and ethnicity-based exclusion in particular. It then presents the status of disadvantaged groups of Dalit and Adivasi and captures inter-social group inequalities in the attainment of human development. It then goes on to analyse factors associated with high deprivation of these disadvantaged groups in terms of low access to resources, employment, education and social needs. Finally, it highlights the role of caste discrimination in economic, civil and political spheres in the persistence of group inequalities.
All these issues have been explained using simple language; relevant and recent data; case studies; news highlights related to civil, social, economic and political rights violation for easy and better understanding of readers.
Chapter 9: Health and Nutritional Status
Health and Nutritional Status
The objective of this chapter is to present the health conditions of Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs), and to compare the same with that of non-SCs/STs in terms of available meaningful indicators of health conditions, health status and healthcare utilisation. These have been examined for India as a whole and for the various states to the extent permitted by the availability of data.
The broad concept of health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity has been widely accepted, but assessing this in its entirety for a population is not feasible. Therefore, health conditions are assessed by using a set of measurable indicators ...