Bridging the Social Gap: Perspectives on Dalit Empowerment addresses four interrelated issues. It conceptualises exclusion-linked deprivation of excluded and indigenous groups in Indian society and elaborates the concept and meaning of social exclusion in general, and of caste-, untouchability- and ethnicity-based exclusion in particular. It then presents the status of disadvantaged groups of Dalit and Adivasi and captures inter-social group inequalities in the attainment of human development. It then goes on to analyse factors associated with high deprivation of these disadvantaged groups in terms of low access to resources, employment, education and social needs. Finally, it highlights the role of caste discrimination in economic, civil and political spheres in the persistence of group inequalities.
All these issues have been explained using simple language; relevant and recent data; case studies; news highlights related to civil, social, economic and political rights violation for easy and better understanding of readers.
Chapter 8: Housing and Household Amenities
Housing and Household Amenities
Housing or shelter is one of the essential prerequisites of human development and a significant factor to determine the quality of life. In addition, access to household amenities such as safe drinking water, sanitation facilities and electricity are basic ingredients that are strongly associated with health and working status, as well as income, productivity and quality of life of individuals in particular and the society in general.
This chapter is based on the Census of India data on housing and household amenities. It examines the quantity and quality of housing stock and its availability across the social groups in order to determine the magnitude and nature of inequality, insofar as the access to housing and household amenities are concerned. ...