Bridging the Social Gap: Perspectives on Dalit Empowerment addresses four interrelated issues. It conceptualises exclusion-linked deprivation of excluded and indigenous groups in Indian society and elaborates the concept and meaning of social exclusion in general, and of caste-, untouchability- and ethnicity-based exclusion in particular. It then presents the status of disadvantaged groups of Dalit and Adivasi and captures inter-social group inequalities in the attainment of human development. It then goes on to analyse factors associated with high deprivation of these disadvantaged groups in terms of low access to resources, employment, education and social needs. Finally, it highlights the role of caste discrimination in economic, civil and political spheres in the persistence of group inequalities.

All these issues have been explained using simple language; relevant and recent data; case studies; news highlights related to civil, social, economic and political rights violation for easy and better understanding of readers.

Literacy and Educational Levels

Literacy and educational levels

This chapter presents an account of the current literacy levels and educational scenario among Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) with respect to progress made therein with special reference to social, gender and inter-state inequities vis-à-vis non-SC/ST population. The chapter is thematically divided into four parts. The first part takes stock of social and economic dynamics of literacy among SCs and STs while tracing growth trends of the literate population during the last few decades. The second part examines the levels and patterns of school enrolment, whereas the third part presents a profile of the participation of SCs and STs in higher education. The final part pertains to policy recommendations and future prospects with regard to educational ...

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