Bridging the Social Gap: Perspectives on Dalit Empowerment addresses four interrelated issues. It conceptualises exclusion-linked deprivation of excluded and indigenous groups in Indian society and elaborates the concept and meaning of social exclusion in general, and of caste-, untouchability- and ethnicity-based exclusion in particular. It then presents the status of disadvantaged groups of Dalit and Adivasi and captures inter-social group inequalities in the attainment of human development. It then goes on to analyse factors associated with high deprivation of these disadvantaged groups in terms of low access to resources, employment, education and social needs. Finally, it highlights the role of caste discrimination in economic, civil and political spheres in the persistence of group inequalities.

All these issues have been explained using simple language; relevant and recent data; case studies; news highlights related to civil, social, economic and political rights violation for easy and better understanding of readers.

Levels and Disparities in Poverty

Levels and disparities in poverty
ArjandeHaan and AmareshDubey

This chapter assesses the extent of disparities in the incidence of poverty that are prevalent among different social groups in India and brings out the inter-state and regional variations in the levels of disparity among various social groups in India. The analysis aligns itself to determine change in the incidence of poverty at both all-India and state levels over a given period under consideration. The ensuing sections delineate the methodological issues involved in using the household survey data for analysing inter-social group disparities, present the results of the analysis, and summarise the discussions for policy implications.

Data and Methodological Issues

The quantitative assessment of the disparities required a set of comparable data across various social and ...

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